Wednesday, August 25, 2010

i-Fect and siRNA Delvery to Toll-like receptor 4

I have reported use of our i-FectTM siRNA delivery kit for gene expression analysis studies of DOR, hTERT, The β3 subunit of the Na+,K+-ATPase, rSNSR1, NTS1. NAV1.8, Survivin,  Flaviviruses and more.

These represent potential targets for Pain, Cancer and Infectious Disease Therapies.

The latest study involves successful knockdown of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4):

Wu Fx, Bian Jj, Miao Xr, Huang Sd, Xu Xw, Gong Dj, Sun Ym, Lu Zj, Yu Wf. Intrathecal siRNA against Toll-like receptor 4 reduces nociception in a rat model of neuropathic pain. Int J Med Sci 2010; 7:251-259.

Background: Neuropathic pain is characterized by hyperalgesia, allodynia and spontaneous pain. It often occurs as a result of injury to peripheral nerves, dorsal root ganglions (DRG), spinal cord, or brain. Recent studies have suggested that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) might play a role in neuropathic pain. Methodology/Principal Findings: In this study, we investigated the role of TLR4 in a rat chronic constriction injury (CCI) model and explored the feasibility of treating neuropathic pain by inhibiting TLR4. Our results demonstrated that intrathecal siRNA-mediated suppression of TLR4 attenuated CCI-induced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia through inhibiting the activation of NF-κB p65 and production of proinflammatory cytokines (e.g., TNF-α and IL-1β). Conclusions/Significance: These findings suggest that suppression of TLR4 mediated by intrathecally administered siRNA may be a new strategy for the treatment of neuropathic pain.
Images: Screening siRNA for an efficient suppression of TLR4 expression in vitro. HEK-293 cells were co-transfected with both pEGFRC1-TLR4 and either one of three independent siRNA oligonucleotides targeting TLR4 (TLR4-siRNA1-3) or a control siRNA (MM-siRNA). Two days after transfection, EGFP fluorescence was observed under microscope (A) or quantified by flow cytometry (B). (A) EGFP fluorescence under an inverted fluorescence microscope (×100) or cell density under an optical microscope (×100). A, control; B, siRNA1; C, siRNA2; D, siRNA3. (B) The quantification of TLR4-EGFP fluorescence intensity upon siRNA knockdown was evaluated by flow cytometry analysis. Immunofluorescence and flow cytometry results revealed that all 3 siRNAs had efficient inhibition on GFP fluorescence, and TLR4-siRNA2 was the most potent.

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